Long gone are the days when English for children taught exclusively in the school curriculum, and the level of proficiency were determined only by a teacher or lecturer, vivodeship assessment in the diary, the table or the record book. Just a few decades ago few people in our country had to use their knowledge in practice in a natural language environment. Mostly had to be content with checking the lessons from our school children, or important to laugh joke KVN about «London is the capital of Great Britain». Sunk into oblivion are the days when people met with native English, experienced cultural shock from the fact that a verbal understanding with the counterpart, alas, does not occur.
Now is a good knowledge of the English language is a Testament to education and the guarantee of human success. Very often basic or conversational English is a prerequisite for admission to a prestigious school or for obtaining specialized jobs. For most foreign citizens – natives of different countries, English is one of the six official working languages of the UN, is the second or third. Open borders and the ability to travel across countries and continents became compatriots to our apparent confirmation of the relevance of language understood in almost any corner of the globe.
The significance and status of the most common language – a universal means of communication throughout the world and to the global Internet in particular, indisputable high – that’s a fact. There is no doubt that English is a necessity, the key to the future professional demand and career growth. However, most discussions of parents and professionals are conducted around the question of when to start teaching children?
What age to start English language training
Supporters of early learning believe that English is for children to be present in their lives almost from the first days. The second group of parents believe that foreign language should be taught exclusively in the natural environment, because will make every effort to ensure to the child appropriate conditions: frequent travel, temporary residence in a foreign country, or postpone classes indefinitely. Some parents believe that study of English should begin only when the child grows up, will be interested or will understand the relevance of the knowledge.
In most cases, any position of the parents due to not only the internal beliefs or aspirations, and life situation and circumstances that determine the need, objectives, level and timing of language acquisition. Experts believe that to start learning English at any age, most importantly do it correctly, taking into account external factors and individual characteristics of the child. To improve the efficiency of training each individual case should be considered separately, sometimes for a particular child may need preparation of individual programs.
According to professional educators, who teach English for children courses and schools, meeting and learning a foreign language it is advisable to start with 3 to 5 years. At this age, children have a keen interest in everything new and unusual, especially because they have formed a linguistic perception and adequate understanding of the surrounding. The kids have learned the basic concepts, unfamiliar vocabulary, because it is easy to perceive and remember the alternative names in English without further explanation of meaning of words or concepts.
The memory and thinking of children of secondary school age are actively evolving, so a teacher using special techniques and methods may for some time to concentrate and hold their attention on the subject. Visual-figurative thinking of preschool children leads to their involvement in the process. Utilizing imagination and imagination, it is possible to achieve considerable success in learning a preschooler a foreign language. An important condition is the ability of the five-year plans to the primitive manifestations of discipline and self-control that is beneficial in the organization of optimal conditions for the assimilation of new knowledge.
Benefits of teaching preschoolers English
The practical use of the knowledge of English is obvious, especially since, according to experts, any person, already knowing one or two languages effortlessly is able to absorb an unlimited number of foreign dialects. Psychologists and educators sympathetic welcome English for preschool children, as one of the ways of development of cognitive mental processes: thinking, memory, attention, speech. All of these processes that determine the intellectual characteristics of a person trained in the process of perception and assimilation of new material.
The ability to remember words or concepts that do not have the usual semantic associations and bindings is a good exercise for your memory. Remembering the unfamiliar word, the child builds new associations, not just expanding the variable range – learning to look at the question differently and thus solve it in different ways. This flexibility of thinking is efficient, applicable in almost all areas and certainly will be helpful to children, who soon will change the status of a preschooler on the student’s secondary school.
Practical use of English in group classes is also evident in the process of adaptation of the child to training at school. Since English studies in preschool children is organized in small groups of 4-6 people, they acquire communication skills in an enjoyable gaming environment. A child’s ability to differentiate information and to think in two languages contributes to the plasticity of the psyche, the ability to adapt and find a common language in the team is not only verbal, but also on the behavioral level.
How to interest the child learning English?
Fluency in English gives many advantages: freedom of communication, the ability to read books and watch movies in the original, to meet the ethnic and cultural traditions of different peoples of the world. But in the future, and the first steps for the development of English is best to start with simple, short duration events. Parents can her year-old baby sing melodious songs, read rhymes nursery rhymes and fairy tales in English. Note that the emotional connection between an employee’s child and loved ones is strong enough, the toddler subconsciously absorbs the melody of speech, because parents should be sure that they are properly intone and pronounce words.
If adult family members are fluent in English, they can do with the baby, gradually and gently awakening and developing his interest in training. English for kids is supposed to be a fun and enjoyable pastime, all the new knowledge and skills a child should acquire in the form of a game. Moms and dads must know that training will be successful only if the child will be positive. Imposing and forcing 3-year-old man can lead to rebellion, will cause negative emotions, which can serve as a barrier to foreign language acquisition.
The game is the main activity of preschool children than it is to the child more interesting, the longer he plays it. Parents are able to diversify favorite game baby and making some new elements. Here will suit fun and entertainment, in which the child was playing when he learned to speak and learned the first verse. The child will be easier to remember the word-symbols in English, for example, show the nose, eyes, cheeks as he did it, pronouncing words in their native language. English for kids will become closer and clearer if you name the surrounding objects: toys, garments or interior products and dishes.
Don’t forget about the visual-figurative thinking of children. During the classes of English should be actively used colorful illustrations and other types of demonstration and didactic material. Toys should be interesting, topical, motivating the game, well, if it’s favorite characters of fairy tales or cartoons. Also effective is the use of the same video with sound in Spanish and English.
According to experts, there are several important points that parents must observe in the learning process. First of all, it’s natural. Interactive methods and a properly organized event will provide the ease, lack of stress and negativity. The second principle is the sequence: from simple to complex. And of course, patience and perseverance. If the child is suddenly negatively perceived specific method, it is necessary to take a break and then try to apply another method which is of more interest to preschooler.
Principles and methods of teaching English
Currently, there are many more or less effective programmes for the development of English children of different ages. The effectiveness of different methods is determined by many objective and subjective factors, and the difference between them is to use different approaches. First we need to decide what form of language teaching will suit the little polyglot: an individual or group.
It is noteworthy that the effectiveness of individual home schooling increases if English for kids teaches tutor or a visiting expert, not the parents (even fluent in a foreign language). When you select a group form of education parents should pay attention not only to the teacher, you must also consider the contact with the child, a form of training used methods.
For example, for the smallest applied development Glenn Doman. In this program the emphasis is on visual memory of the child. Early English for children Helen Doron program begins with 3 months of age. Games technique is one of the most productive of any gaming techniques can be adapted for any age: from 1year to 10 years.
For three years old suitable technique Zaitseva, and children are a little older will be an interesting design technique. Creativity and art (applied) art is another activity that is perfectly combined with the study of a foreign language. Mixed technique, alternating different types of activities, also provide excellent results.