In today’s world the importance of English is undeniable, so to learn this language seeks a growing number of people. However, many beginners who have never studied English, are lost from the diversity of methodologies and textbooks. In this article we will tell you what textbook to choose, how to maintain motivation and to organize the educational process, what to pay special attention to the level of knowledge was assured, and skills — driven to automatism.
Zero does not happen!
Talk about zero knowledge of English is not quite correct, because in Russian language there is a countless number of borrowings and related words understandable to everyone. For example, the words «information», «radio», «music», «sister», «bank» and others are you intuitive familiar. So a certain amount of foreign vocabulary will be given to you without the slightest effort. It is not so scary, right?
How to maintain motivation?
To learn a foreign language from scratch is no easy task. After a couple of sessions you might think that this iceberg of rules and exceptions, you’ll never be. Think about those who started just like you, and reached the advanced level. You can do that, believe in yourself! Passion — your key to success. One need English for work, another for travel, the third — to-perfection. Everyone has their own incentives, but it is best if there are several of them.
With whom to learn?
In our days learning English from scratch is possible in a variety of options:
- individual lessons with a teacher;
- classes in the group;
- teaching via skype;
- the independent study.
The most effective class with the teacher. Individually or with a group (5-7 people) you will pass the optimal pace. It is important to find a qualified teacher with whom you would be interested. Believe me, the enthusiasm and love of a teacher for English will inspire you to reach the top called «English».
If you choose group training, make sure that the group was not too large. Otherwise, the teacher simply cannot devote sufficient attention to each «student». English classes in groups have one important advantage — the person is, as they say, among those who are beginners like himself. To make progress in a friendly atmosphere a lot easier, especially because an experienced teacher will support slightly the playing area lessons.
Self-study English from scratch
Those who, for one reason or another chose the path of self will have more difficult. Constantly need to spur interest, not to give up and not be lazy. And the hardest thing to begin…
Where to start training?
1. The choice of the methodology:
Nowadays there are many methods of learning English from scratch. Choose one that will suit you and which you love.
2. Selection of tutorials:
A zero level will not allow you to immediately take up foreign books, so get your checked publications of Russian authors. Suitable, for example, Alcohol or Bonk. Later should refer to the well-known British publications: Headway, Hotline, True to Life, Language in Use, Blueprint.
A good guide can boast of a sufficient number of theory and practical exercises in equal measure by developing the skills of reading, writing and speaking. Buying a textbook, make sure that the structure meets your requirements: vocabulary, grammar, topics. Rules should be stated clear and informative, and colorful illustrations, additional tables, etc., gives an important advantage over boring black-and-white publications.
3. The timing of sessions and their duration:
To study English is best at the same time: if you are a morning person, morning classes morning owls better learn the material in the evening.
In order to effectively learn a foreign language, you must practice every day — can you afford not more than one output per week! The optimal duration of one lesson is 60-90 minutes, while unable to relax for 5-10 minutes in the middle of the class.
4. Comfortable conditions for trainings:
Provide yourself with maximum comfort during training: cozy atmosphere, nice background, the absence of external stimuli. All this will help you to abstract from reality and to immerse themselves in the world of language.
5. Don’t overdo it!
Choosing an optimal pace of development of new topics, stick to it and do not try to cover several complex topics at once. Over time you will achieve a more intensive study, but at the initial stage rush is undesirable.
6. Constantly repeat the material covered:
Regular repetition — the key to reinforce knowledge and improve skills. Even if you still have studied quite a bit, model the knowledge of every minute in transport, during morning exercise, on a lunch break, before bed, etc. Try to talk to yourself, saying aloud or silently words, designs, proposals. If possible, do not hesitate to talk with someone who knows English. Mastering base, find a pen PAL — native speaker.
How to learn English by yourself?
The English language has a clear, agreed structure and begin to explore this system should with the basics. The first thing you need to learn the alphabet and pronunciation. Without knowledge of the alphabet will not work or write or read, and mangled the pronunciation can completely change the meaning of the utterance. Do not neglect the training of oral speech, because free of mastering spoken English you need to practice as often as possible.
Undoubtedly, first you have to read a lot: rules, examples, and simple texts. Reading grammatically well-formed sentences gives excellent results — there is memorization of vocabulary and grammatical structures. Visual perception is the main source of new information, and regular reading English texts is required at any stage of language learning.
Learning English with zero understanding of the text through listening comprehension may seem impossible. It really is a great help for reading. The soundtrack to jobs will help you learn how to pronounce a particular sound or word. Watching the text and at the same time perceiving it by ear, you will be able to kill two birds with one stone. Gradually expanding boundaries of their knowledge, try to close the textbook and re-listen to the text. First, you will understand only some words, and then sentences. The only way to learn listening, which will play a significant role in learning.
Listening to English songs and watching movies, including subtitles support the newcomer in «good shape» and increase motivation, gently dipping of the person in an authentic atmosphere. Will be very helpful to see the original is a favorite movie that you know almost by heart in Russian. The familiar story will help you understand the replicas of the characters in English, in addition, you will be able to see lively and modern, and not exclusively a literary language.
Any new material should be written to work! With all the convenience of modern computer programs, offering to insert instead of skipping the word, they are not suitable for those who just started to learn English from scratch. A more efficient method of writing in a normal notebook: the writing exercise allows you to hone the knowledge, bringing them to automatism. First you learn how to Express thoughts on paper, and only then will be able to confidently use them in speech.
Oral practice is an integral part of learning a foreign language. The ability to read and translate does not mean to be able to speak fluently in English. Beautiful and fluent speech — the dream of every newcomer, but in order to do it, you need to engage constantly. If you don’t have «experimental» companion, practice on yourself! For example, talk to yourself in the mirror, try as you can elaborate, how was your day. Passing a new topic, invent a new name, profession and past — create a fictional character. This game time will provide you with the necessary variety for oral topics.
You can achieve even greater success by combining reading or listening comprehension of conversational speech. After you read the text or listen to the audio, try to repeat the content out loud (as in writing). Such a statement will help to train memory and thinking, will learn to retell in your own words, and therefore speaking fluent English.
Learning a foreign vocabulary begins with the simplest and most commonly used words:
- nouns (e.g., a house, a man, an apple);
- adjectives (e.g., big, great, good);
- verbs (e.g., to do, to be, to get);
- pronouns (e.g., I, he, her);
- numerals (eg. one, ten, the fifth).
Mindless rote learning is not suitable for those who really want to know English. Undoubtedly, the best remembered international words, and the rest it is better to combine with familiar lexical units. For example, «a big dog», «an interesting film». Stable expression better to memorize a whole, for example, «to make a mistake», «to do one’s best».
When memorizing of lexical units need to pay special attention to not only their meaning, but also pronunciation. That is why at the initial stage of learning English it is important to learn how to interpret the word transcription and tightly to learn the rules of pronunciation of certain letter combinations e.g. «th», «ng». Also select another activity is to study the characteristics of open and closed syllables, and you will save a lot of time looking in the dictionary transcription.
Knowledge of the set of grammar rules of the English language, perhaps even slightly more important than the richness of vocabulary. If ignorance of a certain word you can easily get away with it, the inability to use, sometimes the designs will instantly give you the layman.
To start learning English grammar with the word order in a sentence, because it depends on the correctness and meaning of the utterance. You can then move to the development of Simple/Indefinite (Present, Past, Future). The following sections will be times Contineous/Progressive and Perfect. Important elements of your knowledge will be the construction «to be going to» and multiple modal verbs (e.g. «must», «have to», «can»).
English language one is given faster and easier, others a bit more slowly and with great effort. However, in the presence of motivation and quality training manuals in English can be mastered by everyone. At the initial stage it is especially important to pay attention to all language aspects in the complex. An integrated approach is the key to successful learning and acquisition of established knowledge and skills.