Learning a foreign language involves the development of multiple language skills. While speaking and listening are key for people who learn English language for communication.
But if there are many tools and ways to Express thoughts in another language, even with little experience on it, then understanding is not so simple. Therefore, we propose to deal with how to learn to perceive foreign speech at the hearing and capture the essence, even with a small vocabulary.
Assessment of the level
Before you determine the materials and plan for training, the student must answer several questions. It is advisable not to keep the answers in your head, and write down on paper or in a special notebook for language learning.
- How freely I speak and understand English at the moment?
- What is the most difficult in understanding a foreign speech to me?
- What methods for better understanding I take and how often?
- How can I improve the skill of listening?
The answers to these questions are not only clearly show the reasons for the lack of progress and prompt further plan of action.
The choice of material
You must choose the materials for training depending on two factors: the level of language and variety of topics that are of interest to the student. In this case, will have an incentive to constantly return to the classroom. After all, language learning should not be a chore, but rather to be in joy. For this reason, it is better to build classes from simple to complex, and not to start watching 2-hour movies, for example.
As the comprehension of unfamiliar language is difficult, especially at the initial stage should first include the required training for the duration of the audio and video. A good understanding requires skill, and this type of materials to train the easiest.
Useful for newcomers to listen to slow songs, simple dialogues for basic and everyday topics, short animation, audio texts that native speakers pronounce slowly and clearly. Examples: a training series Extra dialogues with project EnglishClass101 and the eponymous YouTube channel.
For advanced students a range of materials wider. This is a variety Comedy TV show & TV series with 20 minute sets (e.g., The Sketch Show, Modern Family), the movies you’ve already seen in your native language, themed video channels, and English-language bloggers.
At any stage the main thing — to provide a permanent language environment through television, radio, news, audiobooks, podcasts.
As for movies, TV series and other video materials, the indisputable advantage of working with them in what is happening on the screen in itself is a hint to the plot. Understanding goes through intonation, gestures and other action heroes on the screen. In addition, long duration videos can always be divided into parts and work with each separately.
Effective work with audio and video
Of course, if you just listen to English speech every day without further study of the text, it will also give the effect. But even better results in the promotion of language skills obtained while performing additional tasks. For example, speaking well trained through the retelling and discussion heard with a foreign partner, and reading and vocabulary through text, audio or video.
Further, the proposed scheme allows to enhance training effectiveness on listening comprehension, expand vocabulary, improve speech and pronunciation. It can be adapted to your classes, changing some items or adding new ones.
The scheme of work with audio and video
- To listen to audio or video twice, not relying on the text, but only trying to understand the overall meaning. At this stage, don’t analyze every word and literal translation.
- To listen to or watch again, checking the text of the record. We can immediately underline the text of the new phrase, which is incomprehensible out of context.
- To analyze unfamiliar words and make up your own examples with them.
- To listen again with the text and then without it.
Additionally it is useful to recount what he heard, to Express an opinion on the subject, and repeat aloud the text of the record for a native speaker, training pronunciation.
Perhaps, popular mistake of those who study the English language — to engage only if there is at least an hour, but otherwise completely abolish activity. In fact, it is better to practice for 5 minutes than not to devote time to a foreign language today.
Language skills tend to be lost, and foreign words may fade from memory. It is possible to successfully pass an international exam, to take the intensive course or internship in another country, thereby raising the level of language. But let’s step away from practice for some time and have to start almost from the beginning.
It is therefore important to ensure that the language is present in daily life. To do this, it is worth noting the specific action and the time for training in the diary, and think through a list of an Express workout (in case when there is only a few minutes). Materials useful to prepare in advance. Then you can immediately begin the lesson, without wasting time searching.
How to combine the exercise of listening with the daily Affairs of
a) During the work on the house is convenient to listen to podcasts and radio. Even background listening is beneficial. There is a gradual habituation to the sound, rhythm, intonations of another language, and as a result improves its perception.
b) on the way to work, waiting in line or during a leisurely walk is to turn on the radio, an audiobook or dialogues for repetition. To do this, they must be uploaded to the phone.
C) to Improve the health and understanding English at the same time will help sports English video a couple of times a week.
d) to Effectively replace the individual case of language practice. Instead of an evening watching TV — watching a movie in English once a week. Instead of reading tapes social networks — correspondence in communications with a native speaker.
A few more ideas on effective training
- Repeat out loud phrases from the audio or video for a native speaker.
- First of all try to understand the meaning from the context.
- In advance to keep the materials for the listening to in the immediately turn and listen.
- To summarize and to communicate with native speakers on Skype and in a conversational clubs.
- Remember that understanding comes with time as a result of regular practice.
As you can see, you have numerous ways to learn how to understand native speakers of English. But do not use all at once. Try the proposed options one by one to assess which approach yielded results for you. And to avoid any difficulties on the way to the goal, choose materials in the field of their interests and continue to exercise regularly. Will succeed!
We wish to communicate freely in English!