In the 21st century it is difficult to imagine a successful person without knowledge of foreign languages. Ability to communicate fluently in English often indicated by employers as one of the main requirements when applying for a job, English is necessary for the programmers and IT-specialists, finally, even a basic knowledge of spoken English, simplify life and for those who frequently travel around the world, and those who occasionally goes on business trips abroad.
Of the history
Language is a living matter, which is constantly developing and changing along with the culture media. Therefore, in order to successfully learn a foreign language and to learn to feel it, it is necessary to know its history to understand what caused those or other changes.
In the entire history of its existence, the English language has undergone many invasions, which resulted in the Anglo-Saxon core has acquired a borrowed vocabulary. The Celtic languages spoken in ancient Britain, was almost completely lost with the arrival of the Germanic tribes. They survived only in remote areas of Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Later, during the invasion of the Vikings, the language was influenced by old Icelandic.
The turning point was the conquest of the English throne, the Normans, who literally imposed on the dissemination of the French language. For a long time French was considered the language of aristocracy in Anglo-Saxon was just the commoners – and it served as a powerful impetus for the transformation and enrichment of language through forced assimilation was formed in familiar English.
Options modern English
Poor and undeveloped in the period before the 12th century, the English took shape by the beginning of the 15th century in the beautiful and strong literary language used in official institutions, schools and courts. He was soon recognized as the state language. In the period of mass emigration of Britons to America English quickly gained international importance, divided into territorial branches.
Modern English has several regional variations – British, American, canadian, Australian, new Zealand and others. The most widely used among them are two main varieties – British English (British English) consisting of several dozens of dialects and American English (American English), which today occupies a dominant position in the world.
British variant of English language is more conservative, requires strict adherence to the rules of grammar, and in particular strict observance of the correct order of words in a sentence, does not tolerate contractions of phrases and «swallowing» endings of words. Significantly different and pronunciation with a characteristic stretching the vowels and intonation of sentences. However, modern life makes its own adjustments, and the younger generation of British, marching in step with the world’s linguistic trend that seeks to simplify the language.
The so-called «Queen’s English» dialect, which is spoken by most of the population of the UK. However the British Isles with dozens of other dialects, some of which are preserved only in the most remote regions and is hardly used in everyday life. Such territorial variants of the English are more of a symbolic historical heritage.
The American version of the English language the English themselves call «bad English» and treat him with some disdain. It is believed that this is a very simplified at all levels of English language, which is considerably poorer in the process of such transformations. In fact, this transformation language is a different culture – more relaxed and dynamic. In America it is impossible to imagine smooth, measured voice «in a nose» is correct English. Different pace of life and other values has spawned another language – concise, laconic, simplified.
Characteristics of modern English
Due to the large amount of borrowing and a wide area of distribution, English has a rich vocabulary, with many synonymous words. At the same time, its grammar is quite simple, in spite of a sufficient number of exceptions to rules and irregular verbs that you need to memorize. Most of the words – monosyllabic. Punctuation modern English is one of the easiest in the world. The complexity is only the spelling, as the spelling of English words often differs from the pronunciation. That is why in the dictionary to each word taken to indicate the transcription.
For modern language typical of simplification, compression of sentences, use of slang vocabulary. Often in colloquial speech can be traced to a disregard for the rules of grammar, short words and «swallowing» endings, with the result that an inexperienced person is difficult to understand such a speech.
As a rule, basic knowledge, which most somehow get in the process of learning a foreign language in school or non-core University program to be sufficient in order to master the language-level free communication. Have the various English courses, online seminars, intensive trainings, audio and video tutorials, programs, study abroad and other techniques aimed at fast and effective mastery of modern English.
The theoretical part is you can easily learn by resorting to the services of language schools, where qualified teachers will help in the short term to understand the grammatical rules, spelling and phonetics. However, to learn how to read and write in a foreign language is only half the problem. Important is to learn to understand and speak, and this requires practice.
Workshops with a native speaker
Modern English is so dynamic that to study it is best to communicate directly with native speakers. For newcomers who do not speak the language sufficiently to travel to study abroad, the best way are workshops under the guidance of an English speaking teacher. These classes combine written exercises and live communication that allows you to simultaneously learn the spelling and sound of the new vocabulary. In addition, upon contact with a native speaker speaking unconsciously copy and imitate the manner of speech of the interlocutor – thus subconsciously absorbed the correct pronunciation and intonation.
English via Skype
Another way of learning English, gaining popularity, is the practice of communication through interactive programs such as Skype. In an age of technological progress it is not only one of the most effective but also the most convenient option. A specially trained teacher and a native language is for each student an individual program of online training and individual training schedule. The dialogue in real time allows you to improve speaking skills and to cope with uncertainty.
Nothing will help to learn a foreign language better than immersion. Currently, many travel agencies and language schools, developing programs for training abroad. Such courses allow you to not only learn English but also to learn the culture of the country, the mentality of the locals and thus experience the nuances of modern language and approach to its understanding.
Constant rotation in the English-speaking community will help quicker and more effectively to enrich their vocabulary and learn to talk with minimal emphasis or even get rid of it. The easiest way it is given to young people – schoolchildren, students absorb the culture along with the language and quickly adapt to unusual conditions. More Mature people should pay attention to the study of English in groups and to combine the communication in the usual circle with a new English-language Dating – overcoming the language barrier will be easier with the support of like-minded people.
For fans of well-designed curriculum and connoisseurs time and the studies fit tutorials. However, it is necessary to remain current edition, because modern English is constantly evolving, and information printed publications is quite fast. The exception, perhaps, make tutorials business English phrases on the classic literary language are always relevant.
Audio and video
Learning a foreign language can be made more interesting and exciting, if used for self-training videos – movies, talk shows, educational programs in English. Network free you can find a huge number of old and modern records, all the latest videos on relevant topics. While many resources you can include subtitling (including translation) that make it easier to understand, especially for beginners.
The simplest way to unobtrusive absorption of modern English vocabulary – listen to the music of foreign artists. Turn the radio on or a CD in the car, at home and anywhere else when you can focus on the lyrics. Another option is audiobooks with the works of contemporary authors in the English language.
A reflection of modern English with its relevant vocabulary, new idioms and youth slang, contain popular series. Skorotov the evening watching a couple of episodes of modern English series in the company of friends, you can not only have a good time, but also learn some new expressions.
Everyone who is familiar with the English language, or seeks to improve their knowledge and speaking skills, it should be remembered that the main thing – to have a strong motivation to have the self-discipline and engage in the fun.
The key to successful learning a foreign language – competent selection of training materials and training methodologies, qualified teacher, able to arouse interest in the lessons, and, of course, enthusiasm for the process.
Modern English is an amazing, constantly changing and developing world, opening up new opportunities for those who sincerely seek to become part of it. To follow its development much more interesting in the process of learning, especially if there is a possibility of live dialogue with native speakers. With a little effort and learning the language of global communication, you can safely call yourself a modern man of the world.