Learning English — always a hard work that requires a sincere desire to master the necessary knowledge. Without motivation, the assimilation of new information is impossible even with the best teachers and teaching AIDS. You just decided that you want to know English? Congratulations, because with the right attitude everything is easier.
Think, why do you need English for work, study, exam, travel abroad, reading books in the original, translating texts, communicating with foreigners, self-improvement… the more reasons, the greater the likelihood of success. Global goal (to learn English) should be supplemented by a range of intermediate targets. For example, by Monday I will understand the English word order and learn to build different types of sentences. Always try to implement the data itself promises, because even a small success gives birth in the soul of enthusiasm and a great thrust to the new language.
Where to start?
Of course, the core of any language is grammar. Without grammatical rules, even the most extensive vocabulary in a foreign language is useless. Without a basic knowledge of the structure of language to speak or to read or to translate could not have one, since the grammar focuses on patterns of constructing correct speech segments, bearing a certain meaning. It is important that one understand English grammar, you will be able to freely construct sentences, intuitively, to guess the appropriate temporal form, etc. According to the traditional methods in the early study of the rules memorized, gradually developing skill, so the knowledge is put into practice automatically, without thinking. The more you have, the better and faster is the learning process.
How to choose a grammar book?
The study of grammar always implies more work with writing exercises than oral speech. It is therefore important to choose the right textbook. Before buying the publication make sure that it contains the rules, examples and given various exercises to consolidate the material. People completely unfamiliar with English, it is better to choose a textbook with the rules in Russian. Ideally, if at the end of the book are the «key» with the answers, colorful illustrations, diagrams and tables are also welcome. The choice of textbook is always individual edition should meet your requirements and be most interesting for you.
A modern American, British and Russian textbooks designed specifically for beginners, and each of them has its advantages. They all include a fairly wide range of topics, or, conversely, are specialized for a specific purpose. The most popular nowadays the following publications:
- Round Up
- Cutting Edge
From the Russian authors it is worth noting such as Galitsinskoy, Bonk, Vereshchagin. One of the most popular among those beginning to study English grammar is Essential Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy. This is one of the best editions not only for beginners but for all who want to understand the basic rules of the language. However, this reference tutorial is written entirely in English and for the first class do not quite fit.
Choice of tasks
Priorities in the selection of tasks must be placed depending on what goals you set for yourself (free and grammatically correct oral or written infallible knowledge of grammar). If you are more important than speaking, as much as possible train your communication skills in English. If necessary, correct letters, put your emphasis on execution of written exercises. However, do not forget that the best effect is the «Golden mean».
The writing exercises helps to bring knowledge to automaticity, but it is impossible to overlook and oral practice. Agree, at the time of writing have a second to think, calculate, and in conversation this hitch would be weird. The continuous application of new knowledge in the speech — the key to better memorization and fluency grammatical structures.
Reading English literature, even in the adapted version opens a lot of opportunities for learning. And no wonder, for the formation of foreign language skills is recommended as a great read! The book is an excellent example of the correct use of lexical and grammatical forms.
Listening occupies a significant position in the comprehension of English grammar. Viewing of authentic films, listening to songs and audiobooks contributes to the proper understanding of the scope of use of particular construction or grammatical phenomenon and expands the boundaries of «book» knowledge.
Grammar and vocabulary
Of course, grammar is inextricably linked with the vocabulary, and «soak it in» only one of them incongruous. If vocabulary is a body of knowledge, constantly in need of updating and expansion, the English grammar is a static concept with a fairly limited number of rules. In this regard, at the initial stage of training to the grammatical structure of the English language should be doubly carefully.
All ingenious is simple!
English is considered to be one of the easiest languages to learn, as it has a clear structure and strict rules. Being an analytical language, English unlike synthetic Russian often uses the base form of the word. Grammatical relations in an English sentence is carried out precisely through syntax, that is, through word order and function words, and not through a change of dependent words by means of morphemes.
English grammar for beginners seems unbearable lump, however, it is actually easier than it seems. The more that you are interested in getting knowledge about the basic grammatical rules without excessive deepening of the «jungle» exceptions. Decide how far you need to go to the initial stage of training, and remember that teaching everything inconsistent. It is much better to study what you are really useful. For example, in real life it is not necessary to know all the details of the use of English articles — first, the basic rules will be enough.
Methodology of the study
Everyone is faced with the choice of the best methods of learning a foreign language. Who prefer training in groups, others individually with a tutor, and someone wants to «beat» the material on their own.
Anyway, the most common remains a traditional methodology, which is based on a thorough study of grammar, memorizing words, rules, exceptions. Necessarily making dialogues, the implementation of question-answer sentences, a summary of the text. This method provides a more fundamental knowledge, but, unfortunately, not suited to learn the language in a short time.
Unconventional method, by contrast, aims to teach to understand and to reproduce in the speech grammar. Most often it involves learning in a relaxed atmosphere, role-playing, communication in a foreign language. Knowledge in this case is not supported by sufficient theory, and therefore remain quite superficial. Plus — thanks to the intensity of practical training, the communication skills are developed quite quickly.
The order of words is not accidental!
To start to learn the grammar of English should be the basic things. The first is the word order in the English sentence. Since the syntactic relationship between them have the primary meaning, the order must be complied with exactly. In any English sentence, always observed a strict word order to break that means making a grave mistake. That is why the study of grammar should start with the basics of the structure of the narrative and interrogative sentences.
Oh, the times…
Not surprising a huge number of times and some suspicious «deposits», examples of which seem meaningless set of words. Starting to study English grammar, focus on Present Simple, Past Simple and Future Simple. These are pretty simple tenses will be the basis on which a neat building blocks will subsequently develop the rest of the days of the British. In the study of the boundaries between similar forms of temporary you should also consider for more tips, directly or indirectly influencing the choice of grammatical structures, for example, the circumstances of the time.
One, two, three, four, five…
In parallel, it is recommended to pay attention to English numerals, personal pronouns and learning the verb to be, which has many functional values, so it is important to understand this diversity from the beginning.
Differences of English and Russian grammar
1. Form of the word does not change depending on kind. The exception is nouns with the so-called «female» suffix, for example, a waitress is a waitress, and also the words, which inherently belong to a particular race, for example, boy — boy, mother — mother.
2. Common and possessive — only these two cases are used with English nouns. As a rule, nouns are used in the common case, that is specified in the dictionary form.
3. English adjectives do not change form depending on the number and kinds of nouns and are always used in the same way.
Pitfalls in the sea of English grammar
Very often a stumbling block for the Russian people to learn English grammar be articles. In our language they are not, and we do not understand their purpose. However, the correct use of the definite article carries an important meaning, while the incorrectly used article distorts the offer and instantly gives a man the ignorance of the grammatical basics.
In addition, due to the mismatch with Russian regulations, the obstruction can cause the use of some English prepositions, and the discovery of the existence of the twelve tense forms instead of the simple and familiar of the three times can cause feeling of hopelessness. However, any difficulties can be overcome with enough desire to learn.
Thus, the English grammar at first glance it seems incredibly difficult, but starting to study it, you will soon realize that the intricate design is not random, and their choice provided strict rules. The assimilation of the grammar database — a vital stage of learning English, and without this knowledge can not do. We wish you good luck, so the training was fast and efficient, and the knowledge is deep and useful!