Taking up the study of a foreign language, a person must:
1) clearly define the purpose which he sets before him, and 2) to analyze their capabilities.
It should be borne in mind that, regardless of the purpose, terms, abilities, etc., the language should be examined together. The language we speak, write, read, language we understand by ear. It would be wrong to be able just to read, not understanding the speech, or only speak, but not to be able to read them. However, in real life the language is uneven, and the skills of reading, writing, speaking continually «overtake» each other in development. Native language the child learns in stages: he first year or two, only listening, engaged, so to speak, listening, then begins to speak, and only with 4-6 years learn to read and write.
For a foreign language such growth, of course, unthinkable, so obvious is the need to clearly decide why you need a foreign language, what are you going to do with it, and, on this basis, to prioritise — first of all, choosing between oral and written speech. If you need to learn to read texts in their specialty and to translate their articles or a summary in a foreign language, then, of course, you should start with grammar. This does not mean that you don’t need to listen to the tape recording or audio course to learn conversational formula for mastering the language is necessary, but while this is a secondary goal. On the other hand, if you have to regularly deal with situations of real communication (answer in English on the phone, to explain, to show, to escort anyone anywhere, etc.), you first need to acquire oral language skills. And here, of course, can not do without grammar without learning new words, but priority in this complex will be your job to develop an understanding of foreign speech at the hearing, memorizing conversational cliches. Important and kind of meditating on the removal (or reduction) of fear of speaking in a foreign language.
The second most important factor that should be considered, assuming for the study the overseas language, are the personal abilities of a person. This concept includes such details as financial resources, time, capacity and type of the nervous system. About the first two things on these pages speak, of course, makes no sense. Talk about linguistic abilities . The question of the presence or the absence of them is very complex; the Western methodologists and psychologists freely admit that the mechanism of language acquisition is still not completely understood due to its exceptional complexity. However, it is known that a person has advantages when learning a foreign language if:
1) has good auditory differential sensitivity, i.e., distinguish between sounds and tones, recognize them in the flow of speech and imitates them;
2) has sufficient memory capacity.
You can talk about the different types of memory: visual, auditory, motor; short — lasting; mechanical, logical, associative, emotional etc.
When complain of poor memory, refers to inadequate amount of mechanical memory, when words are simply «not memorable.» This is most likely the phenomenon of age (I’m not talking about old age), which is a kind of fee for life experience — information received by the brain. Good mechanical memory is not tired quick mind. It would be sad if the mechanical memory with age, just worsened and nothing was compensated. But the fact of all the matter is that with age, with increasing life experience, deterioration of mechanical memory improved logical memory.
Of course, to remember new words you need a good mechanical memory. It needs to be trained, but also to insure themselves using logic, associations and emotions when memorizing.
3) has the verbal-logical thinking. In this case, a person can learn language inductively, moving from the particular to the General. Realizing some rule in a specific example, it logically takes this particular case to other similar situations and spreads his knowledge from private to shared, thus expanding their capabilities of understanding and speaking.
In short, linguistic ability is memory, hearing and logic.
It is very important to know yourself, your strengths and weaknesses to compensate for their weaknesses by using their strengths. You do not understand speech? Train, try a little more to listen to, but connect the logic, try to guess what was going on. Bad words? Try to think of some logical way of remembering, use associative thinking.